Formatting Requirements

Format of text

Submit in Microsoft Word form (.doc or .docx).

1. Font Size and Paragraph: Font “Times New Roman”, Fontsize 12, double spaced. Include line number and page number.

2. Style: All text should conform to standard Canadian English style and usage.

3. Abbreviations, Symbols and Terminology: All abbreviations should be defined at first usage (no exceptions).

4. Special symbols: Use either the Symbol font or the “Inset Symbol” function in Microsoft Word; but do not use Math font or image files within the text.

5. Trade names: Proprietary (trademarked) names should be capitalized. The generic name or generic descriptor accompany the trade name the first time it appears.

Format for Figures

A. Graphic File Formats – TIFF, PDF and EPS are the industry-standard file formats.

B. Figure Size –Should contain the least amount of white space possible. Label figure panels with boldface uppercase letters (A, B, S, etc.). Figures should be generated at the size they are normally to appear in the journal (printed 1:1). Figures should be sized as:

No. of Columns





< 3.5

< 8.9



4 – 5

10 – 12

25 -30

Full width

6 – 7.15

15 – 18

36 – 43

Maximum Depth




C. Figure Font Size – use Arial, Helvetica, Times or Times New Roman. Keep the font consistent. Size between 5 – 14 points.

D. Figure Resolution – resolution requirements only apply to pixel-based (raster) images (i.e. TIFF, JPEG) and not to vector-based images (i.e. PDF) UNLESS they also contain raster images.

  • Color and grayscale photographs: 300 dpi
  • Color and grayscale photographs (with text or line art): 600 dpi
  • Line art: 600 – 1200 dpi

Attention Attempting to increase the resolution of a raster image once it is set will artificially add “data” and “noise” to the image which will decrease the quality further.

E. Color for Data Presentation –is permitted . All color work submitted to AAR must be saved as a RGB file (not CMYK).

Attention – Do not move, remove, introduce, obscure or enhance any specific feature within an image.  Only adjust contrast, color balance or brightness to the entire figure.

F. Photographs – use of photographs to demonstrate experimental staging, tools and apparatus in an experimental procedure should be kept to a minimum. Drawings and diagrams representing experimental procedures should be used in place of photographs whenever possible.